Our publication enforces a strict policy against plagiarism, which encompasses the unauthorized use of text, ideas, visuals, or data from another source without proper acknowledgment. This includes instances of self-plagiarism, where previously published works by the same author are used without citation. To ensure originality, all borrowed content must be enclosed in quotation marks and accompanied by a reference to the source. Moreover, any study designs, manuscript frameworks, or expressions influenced by prior works must be clearly attributed to those sources. We are affiliated with Crossref and employ the (iThenticate) system for rigorous plagiarism screening of all submissions. Detected plagiarism may lead to manuscript rejection during the peer review phase or result in a post-publication inquiry and subsequent actions in line with our established guidelines.

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Authorship and the Use of AI Tools

Read More about the COPE position statement.

The rapid integration of artificial intelligence (AI) tools, including ChatGPT and other Large Language Models, into scholarly writing is noteworthy. In alignment with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), alongside other esteemed bodies like WAME and the JAMA Network, we clarify that AI tools do not qualify for authorship. The rationale is that AI cannot assume responsibility for the work, declare conflicts of interest, or manage copyright and licensing matters due to their non-legal entity status.

Authors leveraging AI for manuscript drafting, image or graphic creation, data collection, or analysis must transparently disclose the use of such tools in the Materials and Methods section or its equivalent. It is crucial to specify how the AI was utilized and to identify the specific tool employed. Authors bear full responsibility for the integrity of their work, including the segments generated by AI, underscoring their accountability for any ethical breaches.

Explore more about the COPE position statement on the use of AI in scholarly publications.

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